Qutub Minar – The Famous Monument in Delhi

12The Qutab Minar is a famous tower in Delhi, India. It was constructed by Qutub-ud-Din Aibak in 1199 AD. But his successor and son-in-law Iltutmish completed its construction. Just nearby of it you can also see the ruins of the Tomb of Iltutmish. He constructed it in 1235 AD and by using calligraphy, he decorated the interiors. The tower tapers from a base of 14.32 m to 2.75 m at its top and the topmost storey of the minaret was completed by Firuz Shah Tughluq in 1386 and took 20 years to complete. The Qutb Minar is one of the earliest and the most prominent examples of Indo-Islamic architecture.

Qutab Minar is at 72.5 meters the world’s tallest brick minaret and built in red sandstone, this tower sports the inscriptions of verses of Holy Quran. The Minar is situated in the Qutb complex and amidst the ruins of ancient Hindu temples that were destroyed and their stones used to build the Qutb complex and Minar.

Qutab Minar is another great masterpiece of Mughal architecture. The Minar has many storeys and all storeys have beautiful carvings like the one on the tomb of Iltutmish. All round the tower, there are inscriptions which reveal that Iltutmish finised the tower. The structure of the wall is built in that manner that it widens from top to bottom just to make the Minar stronger.

Structure: 72.5 metres High with 399 Steps leading to the Top. Top Floor is 2.75 meters wide and Base is 14.3 metres wide.

Other structures in the Qutub complex are:

•    Alaud-Din-Khalji constructed Alai Minar, which stands north to Qutub Minar. He wanted to make it twice the size of Qutub. But he could complete only one storey and after his death, the work was abandoned. Alai Minar’s height is 25meters.

•    Quwwat-ul-Islam, a mosque constructed by Qutub-ud-din in 1198 also stands in the Qutub complex.

Therefore, Qutub Minar is the most visited tourist spot in Delhi.

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