Varanasi – The holiest city for Hindus

Varanasi is one of the oldest cities in the world, established 3000 years ago, and is one of the most important religious centres for the Hindus. The city is located on the banks of the Ganges rives, and is also known as Banaras & Kashi. Its name is said to be originating from the union of the rivers Varuna & Assi, which flow in the north & south, respectively, of the Ganges. The celebrated author Mark Twain once said “Benares is older than history, older than tradition, older even than legend, and looks twice as old as all of them put together.”

It is said that Varanasi is the seat of Lord Shiva the Destroyer, one of the most important Hindu deities. In one of the ancient texts of India, the words of Lord Shiva were quoted as “The three worlds form one city of mine, and Kasi is my royal palace therein”. The city is famous throughout the world for its Ghats, which were built when the Marathas took control of it. The main Ghats of the city include the following:

  • Dashashwamedh Ghat
  • Manikarnika Ghat
  • Scindia Ghat
  • Mana-Mandir Ghat
  • Lalita Ghat
  • Mana-Sarowar Ghat
  • Darbhanga Ghat
  • Tulsi Ghat
  • Bachraj Ghat

Apart from these, the following temples are also thronged by devout Hindus:

  • Kashi Vishwanath Temple
  • Durga Temple
  • Sankat Mochan Temple
  • Vyasa Temple at Ramnagar
  • The New Vishwanath Temple
  • Tulsi Manas Temple
  • Annapurna Temple
  • Sankatha Temple
  • Kalbhairav Temple
  • Mrityunjay Mahadev Temple
  • Bharat Mata Temple

The city is also a major center of learning, and four universities have been established here. They are listed below:

  • Banaras Hindu University
  • Sampurnanand Sanskrit University
  • Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapeeth
  • Central Institute of Higher Tibetan Studies

All these institutions offer world class education and cater to Indian as well as international students.

The Banarasi Saree and Banarasi Paan are two exports of the city that are famous throughout the country. The silk made in Banaras has been said to adorn the walls of the seat of St. James of Versailles, and is highly sough after by the visitors. The eateries established in the city range from outlets offering street food to five star hotels. The diverse options, rich heritage and ancient culture have made this ancient city a world renowned center for religion, tourism, education and research.

No Response to “Varanasi – The holiest city for Hindus” »

No comments yet.

RSS feed for comments on this post. TrackBack URI

Leave a comment